Prevention & Chronic Conditions


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant and ever-growing problem in the UK, accounting for nearly one-third of all deaths and leading to significant morbidity. Globally CVD accounts for 31% of mortality, mainly from heart disease and cerebrovascular accident.

The burden of CVD can be ameliorated by careful risk modification and primary prevention is an important priority for all developers of health policy. Strong consensus exists between international guidelines regarding the necessity of smoking cessation, weight optimisation and exercise, although guidelines have slightly different approaches to hypertension and vary considerably regarding their approach to optimal lipid profile, which remains a contentious issue.


How to Improve Time to Diagnosis in Acute Heart Failure – Clinical Signs and Chest X-ray


Cardiac Failure Review 2015;1(2):69–74

Decompensated Heart Failure in Pregnancy


Cardiac Failure Review 2016;2(1):20–6

The Bi-directional Impact of Two Chronic Illnesses: Heart Failure and Diabetes – A review of the Epidemiology and Outcomes


Cardiac Failure Review 2015;1(1):8–10

The Management of Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction


Cardiac Failure Review 2015;1(1):11–5