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The Role of Ivabradine and Trimetazidine in the New ESC HF Guidelines

Ivan Milinkovic, Giuseppe Rosano, Yury Lopatin, et al

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PVI Versus Amiodarone in AF and CHF

Michela Faggioni, Domenico G Della Rocca, Sanghamitra Mohanty, et al

Category icon
The Role of Ivabradine and Trimetazidine in the New ESC HF Guidelines

Ivan Milinkovic, Giuseppe Rosano, Yury Lopatin, et al

Category icon
PVI Versus Amiodarone in AF and CHF

Michela Faggioni, Domenico G Della Rocca, Sanghamitra Mohanty, et al

About

Stable angina pectoris is characterised by typical exertional chest pain that is relieved by rest or nitrates. Angina is caused by myocardial ischaemia. Chronic stable angina has a consistent duration and severity, and is provoked by a predictable level of exertion. It can also be provoked by emotional stress. The pain is relieved by rest or short-acting nitrates.

Patients should have an ECG and undergo assessment for cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes and hyperlipidaemia. An echocardiograph can help with the assessment of left ventricular function. Beta-blockers and calcium channel antagonists remain first-line options for treatment, while short-acting nitrates can be used for symptoms.

Related Articles

Articles

Article icon
The Role of Ivabradine and Trimetazidine in the New ESC HF Guidelines

Ivan Milinkovic, Giuseppe Rosano, Yury Lopatin,

Citation: Cardiac Failure Review, 2016;2(2):123–9

PVI Versus Amiodarone in AF and CHF

Michela Faggioni, Domenico G Della Rocca, Sanghamitra Mohanty,

Published:

Citation: Cardiac Failure Review 2020;6:e04.