Prevention & Chronic Conditions


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant and ever-growing problem in the UK, accounting for nearly one-third of all deaths and leading to significant morbidity. Globally CVD accounts for 31% of mortality, mainly from heart disease and cerebrovascular accident.

The burden of CVD can be ameliorated by careful risk modification and primary prevention is an important priority for all developers of health policy. Strong consensus exists between international guidelines regarding the necessity of smoking cessation, weight optimisation and exercise, although guidelines have slightly different approaches to hypertension and vary considerably regarding their approach to optimal lipid profile, which remains a contentious issue.


Treating Acute Heart Failure with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease


Cardiac Failure Review 3(1):56–61.

Practical Applications for Single Pill Combinations in the Cardiovascular Continuum


Cardiac Failure Review 2017;3(1):40–5.

A Clinical Perspective on CNPs in Cardiac Failure


Cardiac Failure Review 2016;2(1):14–9

Shock Management for Cardio-surgical Intensive Care Unit Patient: The Silver Days


Cardiac Failure Review 2016;2(1):56–62